Why a school specific for the Mediterranean Sea
Ecosystem Based Marine Resource Management (EAM) approaches are particularly interesting in areas such as the Mediterranean Sea, which is spatially relatively enclosed and affected by multiple drivers and forces, from environmental and socio-economic ones, to the shared use of fisheries resources. Moreover, most Mediterranean fisheries are multi-species and multi-target, and small-scale fisheries are of great socio-economic importance. Some Mediterranean countries are part of the European Union, and Common Fisheries Policy and EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive already incorporates principles of the EAM. The latter Directive also aims at developing coordinated approaches and methods between EU and non-EU member states taking advantage, for the Mediterranean Sea, of Barcelona Convention and GFCM activities.
Quantitative EAM approaches have not been uniformly applied in the Mediterranean Sea and the application of advanced approaches is hampered by the general lack of data, and by the political and management fragmentation resulting in long-term differences between sub-areas. However, EAM can and need to be conducted in data-poor situations and especially in the developing world. Capacity building and the dissemination of information on data needed for the application of quantitative approaches is going to help the development and diffusion of new applications, possibly resulting in a more even use of methods and approaches across the whole Mediterranean.